If you have a child born in Thailand, it is of vital importance to report the baby’s birth to the Philippine Embassy in Bangkok. Before you go to the Embassy, however, you have to prepare all the requirements for a smooth and fast transaction.
Requirements for Report of Birth
- Personal appearance of at least one parent (if the child is illegitimate, the mother should be the one to report the birth);
- Four (4) sets of Report of Birth form;
- One (1) passport size, colored picture of the child;
- Birth Certificate of the child translated into English and duly authenticated by the Thai Ministry of Foreign Affairs;
- Valid passports of the child’s parents and four (4) photocopies of the data-page of each passport;
- One (1) original copy and three (3) additional photocopies of Marriage Contract of the parents.
- Payment of Processing Fee for the Report of Birth: http://bangkokpe.dfa.gov.ph/consular-office/schedule-of-service-fees
If the marriage was solemnized in the Philippines, the marriage contract must be duly authenticated by the National Statistics Office (Office of the Civil Registrar General) and the Department of Foreign Affairs (Authentication Division).
If the marriage was solemnized under Thai law, the marriage contract must be translated into English and authenticated by the Thai Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Legitimation of Children Born Out of Wedlock in Thailand
Children born out of wedlock in Thailand to parents who were not disqualified by any impediment to marry each other when the child was conceived, shall use the surname of their mother in their Philippine passports.
If the parents subsequently get married and, thereafter, want their child to use the surname of the father, the child must go through the process of legitimation.
“Legitimation” refers to the process where a child born out of wedlock is considered legitimate by a fiction of law due to the subsequent valid marriage of his/her parents.
The requirements, steps, and applicable fee for “legitimation” are as follows:
1. Affidavit of Legitimation – Both parents shall execute the affidavit, which shall contain the following: a) Date and place when the marriage was solemnized; b) names and place of residence of parents; c) name of the official who officiated the marriage; d) name of child to be legitimated; e) date and place where the child was born; f) a statement that when the child was conceived, the parents where not disqualified by any impediment to marry each other except age, and that they subsequently entered into a valid marriage; and g) a statement that by virtue of the subsequent marriage, the said child is now legitimated.
2. The Affidavit of Legitimation shall be supported by the following documents: a) Certified True Copy (CTC) of the Certificate of Live Birth of the Child (must also be authenticated by the Thai Ministry of Foreign Affairs); b) CTC of the Certificate of Marriage of the parents (must also be authenticated by the Thai MFA); and c) Certificate of No Marriage (CENOMAR) of both parents [from NSO and authenticated by the Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA)].
1. When the parents are ready with the supporting documents, they must bring them to the Philippine Embassy in Bangkok so that the Affidavit of Legitimation can be authenticated.
2. The Embassy will forward the Affidavit, together with the supporting documents, to DFA for onward transmittal to the City Civil Registrar (CCR) of Manila.
3. The CCR of Manila shall examine the Affidavit and the supporting documents for authenticity, completeness and consistency.
4. The CCR of Manila shall register the authenticated Affidavit together with the supporting documents.
5. The CCR of Manila shall forward a copy of the Affidavit of Legitimation and supporting documents to the Office of Civil Registrar General (OCRG)/National Statistics Office (NSO).
6. The OCRG/NSO shall annotate the previous Report of Birth/Certificate of Live Birth of the child.
7. Thereafter, a copy of the annotated Certificate of Live Birth of the child can be requested from the NSO.
8. The annotated Certificate of Live Birth can then be presented to the Embassy for the issuance of a passport to the child bearing the surname of the father.
The processing fee for the Affidavit of Legitimation can be found under Affidavits in this link http://bangkokpe.dfa.gov.ph/consular-office/schedule-of-service-fees
Use of Surname by Illegitimate Children
Foreign Service Circular No. 32-98 provides that illegitimate children shall use the surname of their mother only. Middle name is unimportant and its omission has no legal effect. However, illegitimate children may use the surname of the father if there has been an acknowledgment or recognition on the part of the father.
The requirements for the use of the surname of the father are as follows:
- Affidavit of Acknowledgment of Paternity or Recognition by the father;
- Passport application form of the child; and
- Payment of the passport and for the affidavit. http://bangkokpe.dfa.gov.ph/consular-office/schedule-of-service-fees.
Source: Philippine Embassy in Bangkok
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